What is Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea is a disorder in which breathing is interrupted periodically throughout the night. These pauses, or gaps, in breathing may be accompanied by choking or gasping but rarely awaken the sleeping individual. An estimated 22 million Americans suffer from sleep apnea, many of them unaware of their condition.
What Causes Sleep Apnea?
There are two main types of sleep apnea: obstructive and central. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the throat muscles relax and droop during sleep, blocking the airway and causing breathing difficulty. It is by far the most common form of the disorder. Central sleep apnea is the result of the brain failing to properly control breathing during sleep; this is rare.
Those who are male, overweight, and older than the age of 40 are most at risk, though sleep apnea can—and does—affect people of both sexes and all ages. Other factors that can contribute to sleep apnea include natural aging, excessive or bulky throat tissue, large soft palate or uvula, small jaw, large neck, and oversized tonsils or adenoids.
Allergies, sinus infections, tobacco use and alcohol all may play a role as well.
What are the Symptoms of Sleep Apnea?
The main sign of sleep apnea is chronic, loud snoring. Symptoms may also include daytime drowsiness, lack of concentration, memory loss, irritability, and depression. You may experience frequent morning headaches and sore throats and wake up with a dry mouth.
How Is Sleep Apnea Treated?
Sleep apnea is more than just a nuisance that robs you of sleep. Left untreated, it can lead to serious health issues such as congestive heart failure, stroke, heart attack, high blood pressure, and cardiac arrhythmia. If you suspect you are suffering from sleep apnea, schedule a visit with your ENT doctor, who will perform a thorough physical examination and may set up a sleep study test.
You may be able to reduce the severity of your symptoms by implementing certain lifestyle changes. Try losing weight, cutting back or eliminating alcohol (especially before bedtime), and quitting smoking. Sleeping on your side instead of your back and elevating your head may also help.
The preferred method of treatment for sleep apnea is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). This involves controlled bursts of air pumped into your throat while you sleep, delivered through a mask that is worn over the nose and mouth and attached to a machine.
Inspire Sleep Apnea Innovation
Inspire therapy is FDA-approved and the first implantable device for treating obstructive sleep apnea, or OSA. Those who have inconsistent results from a CPAP can now turn to Inspire for support. In contrast to CPAP, Inspire therapy works from inside the body and with a patient’s natural breathing process. Inspire works based on each patient’s individual breathing patterns and stimulates the hypoglossal nerve to control the proper muscles.
Other options for treatment include oral mouth guards that reposition the lower jaw and tongue, nasal breathing strips, and surgery.
What is Snoring?
Snoring occurs when air flows past relaxed tissues in your throat, causing the tissues to vibrate as you breathe. Snoring is estimated to affect 57% of men and 40% of women in the United States. It even occurs in up to 27% of children. Nearly everyone snores now and then, but for some people it can be a chronic problem. Sometimes it may also indicate a serious health condition.